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In this white paper Andy Billingham, Managing Director – EMKA (UK) Ltd discusses how new demands in the area of industrial security drive a continuous development process in tandem with new materials and production technologies.
This White Paper deals with the concept of automatic switching in plant engineering and then continues with a practical analysis so as to explain how the ATS units integrate with all the devices involved in the switching process.
This white paper explains how controllers can be used to optimise virtually any industrial process.
This white paper presents an overview of industrial automation systems and the role of malware and information security in this field. The topics discussed herein are of interest not only to industrial applications, but are also relevant for e.g. automation of municipal services.
The scope of the white paper is limited to considering the lower two layers of the automation pyramid and touching the third SCADA/DCS layer. The paper attempts to describe the field of information security in industrial automation from a generic point of view. Data and information in this paper, on which conclusions are based, are available in the public domain.
The chapters 1 and 2 provide an overview of information security in general and in industrial automation. Chapter 3 discusses the security of
communication between devices and systems in industrial automation, while chapter 4 focuses on the security of individual automation devices.
Wireless communications interfaces are briefly considered in chapter 5, followed by a summary of the paper in chapter 6.
Eaton White Paper on Increased Power Protection with Parallel UPS Configurations
EAO Designing Effective Human Machine Interface Systems White Paper
APC White Paper Number 163: Containerized Power and Cooling Modules for Data Centers
This White Paper is divided into three main parts:
−− components used for wiring: this part gives a description of the components mentioned in this paper;
−− ABB SACE offer: this part offers a panorama of the connection terminals of ABB SACE circuit-breakers:
−− wiring cable–terminal-circuit-breaker: making use of userfriendly tables this part gives information about the cable/ bar connection to the ABB circuit-breakers (maximum cross-section in relation to the terminal, tightening according to the cable size, etc.).
Energy-Efficiency Policy Opportunities for Electric Motor-Driven Systems white paper
This paper presents the findings of the first global analysis of energy consumption in electric motor‐ driven systems (EMDS)1 and the options to reduce it. It assesses the energy currently used by EMDS and the potential for energy savings, examines market barriers to the adoption of energy‐efficient solutions, and reviews current policy settings and outcomes. The report then proposes a comprehensive package of policy recommendations to help governments tap the huge potential for energy savings in EDMS.
In two-wire 4-20mA control loops, we use 2-wire transmitters to convert various process signals representing flow,
speed, position, level, temperature, pressure, strain, pH, etc., to 4-20mA DC for the purpose of transmitting the signal over some distance with little or no loss of signal. This paper reviews the operation of this transmission standard and its advantages, in particular as it relates to two-wire transmitters and the associated 4-20mA current loop.
Rockwell Automation Examines Vital Role of Intelligent Motor Control Centers
Emergency stop switches, generally referred to as E-Stops, ensure the safety of persons and machinery and provide consistent, predictable, failsafe control response. A wide range of electrical machinery must have these specialized switch controls for emergency shutdown to meet workplace safety and established international and U.S. regulatory requirements.
E-Stops – critical human machine interface (HMI) devices – differ from simple stop switches (that merely turn equipment off) in that they offer “foolproof” equipment shutdown. This is accomplished through advanced switch design that requires a twist, pull, or key to release electrical contacts to allow machinery restart.
This paper discusses a test program that quantified those losses for several typical fuses and circuit breakers. The results of this effort show that protective systems using switch and fuse were found to be less energy-efficient compared with equivalently sized circuit breakers when carrying the same load.
This report is intended to give a general overview of the machine tool and automation market − which includes industrial, service and personal robotics and to provide information about how Nexans is serving this diverse and growing sector.
This whitepaper discusses the options available to OEM machine builders to avoid unnecessary costs by using a remote connection to the electrical control equipment. This means that typical operations such as equipment maintenance programs, configuration changes or PLC programming can be handled directly from the OEM business premises or other remote locations.
Under the new Machinery Directive that came into force on 29 December 2009, there are certain requirements to CE guards as safety components. This White Paper that explains the new requirements for anyone involved in specifying, building or modifying machines or guards. (registration required)
This paper will look at the advantages of using USB, what isolation means, types of isolation, when and why USB connections should be isolated.
Global limit switches are an essential element of industrial controls, monitoring position and presence of doors, booms, valves, and the like. Conventional wired switches, however, present installation and maintenance challenges, especially in installations that are subject to harsh environments or involve movement in the wiring.
Honeywell’s new Limitless™ Series of wireless switches frees applications from the restrictions of wired installations while offering higher reliability and lower lifetime cost for a wide range of industrial monitoring applications.
Socomec Sicon UPS in collaboration with Pentadyne
Background: A flywheel system is essentially a dynamic battery that stores energy mechanically in the form of kinetic energy by spinning a mass about an axis. Electrical input spins the flywheel rotor and keeps it spinning 24/7 until called upon to release the stored
energy through a generator, such as a reluctance motor generator. The amount of energy available and its duration is governed by the flywheel mass and speed.
“The concept of Green is a marketing invention”. This statement more or less embodies a widespread belief that marketing is solely capable of creating or inventing necessities which do not exist. So how can such an empty concept persist for so long, mobilising governments, manufacturers and consumers?
The aim of this analysis is to clarify the environmental impacts of high-availability architectures, illustrating the basic concepts.